The political causes of party closures in Turkey

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Küçük Resim

Tarih

2014-04

Dergi Başlığı

Dergi ISSN

Cilt Başlığı

Yayıncı

Oxford Univ Press

Erişim Hakkı

info:eu-repo/semantics/closedAccess

Araştırma projeleri

Organizasyon Birimleri

Dergi sayısı

Özet

Political parties are the integral components of democratic systems. Without political parties, democratic systems cannot function. Yet, not all political parties embrace the existing 'rules of the game'. After the experience with Nazi Germany and fascist Italy during the interwar period, dealing with anti-systemic parties has become a central debate in democratic systems. Even though party closures have taken place in some European democracies, the high frequency of party closures in Turkey raised criticisms that Turkey has become the 'graveyard' of political parties. Since the 1960s, a total of 27 parties were banned in Turkey. The purpose of this article is to provide a comparative analysis of the justifications of party closures in Turkey. In doing so, the article examines two major political causes of party closures on two major party traditions in Turkey: (1) Political Islamists and violation of secularism (separation of religion and politics) and (2) Kurdish left and violation of territorial integrity/national unity.

Açıklama

Anahtar Kelimeler

Human rights, European Court, Religious symbols

Kaynak

Parliamentary Affairs

WoS Q Değeri

Q3
Q3

Scopus Q Değeri

Q1

Cilt

67

Sayı

2

Künye

Celep, O. (2014). The political causes of party closures in Turkey. Parliamentary Affairs, 67(2), 371-390. doi:10.1093/pa/gss041